The Pura Samuan Tiga Temple is a 10th century temple in the village of Bedulu in Gianyar. It's around 800m east from the Goa Gajah Temple, or 20 minute drive from central Ubud. The temple dates back to the Warmadewa dynasty. The dynasty was also known to have built the Tirta Empul Temple complex. The old temple is a great place to see ancient Balinese temple architecture up close. It features ornate sandstone carvings and majestic temple gates.
Unlike the usual three courtyards common in Balinese temples, Samuan Tiga has seven. These are separated by walls and split gates. Staircases connect them, which lead up to its innermost courtyard. The gardens of Pura Samuan Tiga Temple are well-maintained. Sacred banyan and large old trees grow around the site. The temple also offers stunning views. It's flanked by two rivers, the Pande and Tegending on the east side, and the remains of an ancient pool to its west.
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Aspects of Pura Samuan Tiga Temple
The temple’s name, Samuan Tiga, means ‘meeting of three’ in the local tongue. This is in commemoration of a historical consensus among previously conflicting Hindu sects at the time. Such conflicts were moderated and successfully resolved by the high royal priest, Mpu Kuturan. The meeting gave birth to the concept that each kingdom should have three main temples. These temples are to represent the mountain, the village and sea, as well as the ‘Tri Murti’ Hindu trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
The temple serves as an annual backdrop to one of the oldest Balinese Hindu rituals. Siat Sampian takes place every 10th full moon (known as Purnama Kadasa), or roughly every April. The ceremony is usually held from 06:00 through 13:00. A friendly 'battle' breaks out as hundreds of temple pilgrims 'attack' each other. They throw young-coconut leaf arrangements called sampian in a lively frenzy.
Recommended Hotel Nearby - Dedary Kriyamaha Ubud
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Pura Samuan Tiga Temple
- Location: Jalan Raya Bedulu, Gianyar